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Egnonam Fambo Lome

Introduction - Written by our field partners

32 year old Egnonam is from Lome, Togo where she lives with her husband and their two children, The children are aged 12 years and the youngest is just 10 months old. The elder child is very happy to be able to go to school.

She and her husband provide financial support to several of their siblings so although her husband runs a business she knew she would need to contribute to the family's income.

She set up her own small shop where she sells foodstuffs such as cooking oil, rice and soft drinks. She heard about the business training and loans she could obtain through Deki and their field partner so she has applied for her first loan. 

The loan would allow her to buy cooking oil and rice in bulk and at wholesale prices, improving her own profits. Many of her customers can only afford to buy a litre of oil at a time so they often arrive at her shop with their own re-fillable plastic bottle.

She is ambitious to improve her family's standard of living and, in the long term, to buy a plot of land and build a home.

Field Partner: Iades-Togo

Iades-Togo

IADES (Institution d'Aide au Développement Economique et Social) was set up in November 2012 with the aim of responding to the needs of 95% of the population who do not have access to the usual financial services offered by the commercial banks.

Based in Lomé, the capital, IADES is a not for profit association whose objective is to improve the lives of the poor, especially women, by providing them with a chance to help themselves and work their way out of the poverty trap. Their social mission is extremely important to them, a key part of which is to reduce gender inequality and to empower women.

IADES offers microloans and savings plans - at minimal cost - alongside business training and accountancy to their clients. They offer loans to farmers, traders and those engaged in animal husbandry. IADES also considers it important to provide health education on preventing AIDS, malaria and other communicable diseases to improve the health among the disadvantaged.

Also lending to this entrepreneur

Betty Carla Catherine Lender wishes to remain private Joanne Sarah Ali Morten Nurseline

Key information:

  • Name: Egnonam Fambo
  • Trade: Sells foodstuffs
  • Total loan required: £310
  • Repaid so far: £82

Fundraising progress:

Only £228 left to repay

Location - Lome, Togo

Togo or la République Togolaise is a West African country bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north. It sits on the Gulf of Guinea and is one the smallest African countries.

It is a sub-Saharan nation which is highly dependent on agriculture. The climate is generally tropical with two short rainy seasons between April and July and between September and November although the average rainfall is not very high. Crops grown include coffee, cocoa, cotton, yams, cassava (tapioca), corn, beans, rice, millet and sorghum.

Education is only compulsory for six years and the system suffers from a severe lack of trained teachers. Many families cannot afford to pay for school fees or uniforms which leads to significant dropout.

The country is a prime example of where micro-finance can make a significant difference. Micro-finance is concentrated in the countries of the developing world. According to IADES less than 5% of the population has a bank account and over 50% live below the poverty line which is less than $1.25 /day. This is due to the banks' reluctance to lend to the poor and to the high cost of running a bank account. The majority of the population is considered by the mainstream banking sector to be un-creditworthy.

Entrepreneurs use their micro-loans to improve their plot yields, to trade goods in towns and villages and to increase their animal herd. The profits from their enterprises allow them to pay for school uniforms, for secondary schooling or to pay for medicines for sick members of their family.

Some statistics:

  • Capital: Lomé
  • Official languages: French
  • Regional Languages: Gbe, Kotokoli, Kabiye, Mina, Dagomba.
  • Population: 7.5 million (2015)
  • GDP: $11.558 million (2016 estimate)
  • Monetary Unit: CFA Franc (Communaute Financiere Africaine)
  • Percentage of people living on less than $1.25 a day: over 50%, of those 12.9% live in extreme poverty (Ministere de l'Economie, 2007)
  • Adult literacy rate: 75.4% (men), 46.9% (women)
  • Estimated adult (aged 15-49) HIV prevalence: 2.9% of adults aged between 15 - 49 years
  • Life expectancy: 56 years (men) 59 years (women) (2016)
  • Female Genital Mutilation rate: 4%
  • Religions: Traditional African (51%), Christian (30%), Muslim (15%)